High-income countries South-East Asia

Single-payer, mandatory health insurance in Taiwan

Jui-fen Rachel Lu, of Chang Gung University in Taiwan, wrote an assessment of her territory’s progress towards universal health coverage for GNHE.

You can read the full assessment here.


The author’s main conclusions are:

  • National Health Insurance (NHI) is one of the most highly rated social programmes in the history of Taiwan, with consistently more than 70% of the public expressing satisfaction with the programme in 2014
  • Since its inception in 1995, NHI has greatly improved access to care and successfully provided financial protection to all citizens of Taiwan
  • It has delivered broadly satisfactory results in terms of the equity of both the financing and delivery of care
  • In general, NHI has been able to shield needy patients from financial barriers to access and provided access to comprehensive care
  • To a great extent the public has enjoyed freedom of choice and convenient access to services
  • Despite its popularity, NHI has constantly been plagued by the threat of financial insolvency
  • The issue of financial sustainability is always top of the reform agenda and there have been numerous reform proposals
  • Unfortunately, unwieldy political processes have prevented the Ministry of Health and Welfare from undertaking reforms to tackle the deficiencies of the system
  • In its 18-year history, the National Health Insurance Administration has only succeeded in raising the premium contribution rate three times, and this came at a high political price, with a Minister of Health having to step down at one point
  • Without fundamental reforms to NHI’s financing mechanism, such as linking premiums to better measures of total household income, the rapidly ageing population and economic stagnation are likely to threaten the financial soundness of the programme
  • For the foreseeable future, financial sustainability will remain a formidable challenge to the single-payer health insurance program in Taiwan


Lu JR. 2014. Universal health coverage assessment: Taiwan. Global Network for Health Equity (GNHE). Available at: http://gnhe.org.


  1. Pingback: thefeed

  2. Pingback: thefeed

  3. Pingback: the feed

  4. Pingback: feed

  5. Pingback: feed

  6. Pingback: solar powered atmospheric water generator

  7. Pingback: superbeets

  8. Pingback: houston junk car buyer

  9. Pingback: houston junk car buyer

  10. Pingback: theragun

  11. Pingback: we just did 46

  12. Pingback: fa thor t shirt

  13. Pingback: Tony Drahos

  14. Pingback: lovoo einloggen

  15. Pingback: how to take priligy 60 mg

  16. Pingback: albuterol rx coupon

  17. Pingback: hydroxychloroquine vietnam war

  18. Pingback: hydroxychloroquine order online

  19. Pingback: hydroxychloroquine dosage for humans malarial

  20. Pingback: hydroxychloroquine and cardiovascular risk

  21. Pingback: hydroxychloroquine for sale craigslist

  22. Pingback: sweet potato keto

  23. Pingback: noaks acyclovir kachikian

  24. Pingback: stromectol pills

  25. Pingback: priligy tablets

  26. Pingback: ivermectin 6 uses

  27. Pingback: buy hydroxychloroquine usa

  28. Pingback: stromectol uses

  29. Pingback: buy stromectol online without a prescription

  30. Pingback: prednisone 875mg

  31. Pingback: stromectol 6mg buy online canada

  32. Pingback: cheap stromectol for covid

  33. Pingback: ivomec ivermectin

  34. Pingback: australia viagra over the counter

  35. Pingback: stromectol tablets for humans for sale

  36. Pingback: cost of aralen

  37. Pingback: tizanidine drug

  38. Pingback: buy cheap clomid

  39. Pingback: moinupiravir

  40. Pingback: olumiant

  41. Pingback: Anonymous

  42. Pingback: tizanidine 503

  43. Pingback: Anonymous

  44. Pingback: Anonymous

  45. Pingback: frontline doctors ivermectin

  46. Pingback: buy ivermectin online

  47. Pingback: flccc ivermectin

  48. Pingback: ignition casino vs bovada

  49. Pingback: where can i get ivermectin

  50. Pingback: buy prednisone 5mg generic

  51. Pingback: can i buy cialis without a prescription

  52. Pingback: tadalafil generico

  53. Pingback: generic name for ivermectin

  54. Pingback: ivermectin 10 mg

  55. Pingback: how old do you have to be to buy viagra

  56. Pingback: cialis dosage

  57. Pingback: online viagra cost

  58. Pingback: ivermectin 90 mg

  59. Pingback: tadalafil dosage

  60. Pingback: tadalafil india 10 mg

  61. Pingback: tadalafil 5mg prices

  62. Pingback: cialis at walmart

  63. Pingback: sildenafil pills generic brand

  64. Pingback: cialis without a doctor prescription usa

  65. Pingback: where to buy cialis without a prescription

  66. Pingback: real sildenafil pills online

  67. Pingback: sildenafil tablets

  68. Pingback: cialis online pharmacy

  69. Pingback: buy cialis canada

  70. Pingback: tadalafil generic cost

  71. Pingback: prednisone 20mg for sale

  72. Pingback: much does prednisone 20mg cost

  73. Pingback: online cialis prescription canada

  74. Pingback: molnupiravir covid

  75. Pingback: buy tadalafil without prescription

  76. Pingback: citalis

  77. Pingback: generic cialis professional

  78. Pingback: does prednisone make you sleepy

  79. Pingback: meritrroyalbet

  80. Pingback: meritking

  81. Pingback: child porn

  82. Pingback: meritroyalbet

  83. Pingback: eurocasino

  84. Pingback: meritroyalbet

  85. Pingback: meritking

  86. Pingback: child porn

  87. Pingback: child porn

  88. Pingback: sildenafil without a prescription

  89. Pingback: cialis pills

  90. Pingback: casinos free play win money

  91. Pingback: elexusbet

  92. Pingback: elexusbet

  93. Pingback: trcasino

  94. Pingback: cialis tablets

  95. Pingback: stromectol

  96. Pingback: free money bonus casino

  97. Pingback: cialis website

  98. Pingback: cialis tadalafil

  99. Pingback: viagra dosage

  100. Pingback: what is cialis

  101. Pingback: stromectol ingredients

  102. Pingback: how to buy cialis online without prescription

  103. Pingback: ivermectine vente libre

  104. Pingback: prescription cialis prices

  105. Pingback: buy stromectol 12mg

  106. Pingback: ivermectin 3mg tablets price

  107. Pingback: side effects of ivermectin

  108. Pingback: ivermectin 12mg for sale

  109. Pingback: ivermectin 6 mg tablets for human

  110. Pingback: ivermectine sans ordonnance

  111. Pingback: buy lasix in the uk

  112. Pingback: buy lasix online without prescription

  113. Pingback: stromectol medication

  114. Pingback: ivermectin 12 mg tablets for sale

  115. Pingback: ivermectin usa

  116. Pingback: ivermectine kopen

  117. Pingback: stromectol tablets buy

  118. Pingback: luckylands

  119. Pingback: ivermectin for humans cvs

  120. Pingback: ivermectin usa

  121. Pingback: ivermectin ear mites

  122. Pingback: generic cialis at walmart

  123. Pingback: ivermectin 200

  124. Pingback: ivermectin tablets walmart

  125. Pingback: where to buy ivermectin cream

  126. Pingback: cialis over the counter at walmart

  127. Pingback: mazhor4sezon

  128. Pingback: filmfilmfilmes

  129. Pingback: oral ivermectin cost

  130. Pingback: kinoteatrzarya.ru

  131. Pingback: TopGun2022

  132. Pingback: XVIDEOS video XVideos xv XVIDEOS

  133. Pingback: can i buy generic cialis

  134. Pingback: Netflix

  135. Pingback: design-human.ru

  136. Pingback: mectin ivermectin

  137. Pingback: ivermectin price comparison

  138. Pingback: projectio

  139. Pingback: moskva psiholog online

  140. Pingback: psy online

  141. Pingback: Gz92uNNH

  142. Pingback: do-posle-psihologa

  143. Pingback: uels ukrain

  144. Pingback: madridbet

  145. Pingback: eurocasino

  146. Pingback: bahis siteleri

  147. Pingback: DPTPtNqS

  148. Pingback: qQ8KZZE6

  149. Pingback: D6tuzANh

  150. Pingback: SHKALA TONOV

  151. Pingback: Øêàëà òîíîâ

  152. Pingback: russianmanagement.com

  153. Pingback: Link Shortener Bitly

  154. Pingback: chelovek-iz-90-h

  155. Pingback: 3Hk12Bl

  156. Pingback: 3NOZC44

  157. Pingback: 01211

  158. Pingback: tor-lyubov-i-grom

  159. Pingback: film-tor-2022

  160. Pingback: hd-tor-2022

  161. Pingback: hdorg2.ru

  162. Pingback: Psikholog

  163. Pingback: netstate.ru

  164. Pingback: meritroyalbet

  165. Pingback: 1concentrate

  166. Pingback: Link

  167. Pingback: tor-lyubov-i-grom.ru

  168. Pingback: psy

  169. Pingback: chelovek soznaniye mozg

  170. Pingback: order stromectol for humans usa

  171. Pingback: bit.ly

  172. Pingback: cleantalkorg2.ru

  173. Pingback: bucha killings

  174. Pingback: War in Ukraine

  175. Pingback: Ukraine

  176. Pingback: Ukraine news – live

  177. Pingback: The Latest Ukraine News

  178. Pingback: site

  179. Pingback: stats

  180. Pingback: stromectol 6 mg

  181. Pingback: Ukraine-war

  182. Pingback: movies

  183. Pingback: gidonline

  184. Pingback: buy stromectol canada

  185. Pingback: mir dikogo zapada 4 sezon 4 seriya

  186. Pingback: web

  187. Pingback: film.8filmov.ru

  188. Pingback: video

  189. Pingback: cialis side effects

  190. Pingback: film

  191. Pingback: cialis over the counter

  192. Pingback: liusia-8-seriiaonlain

  193. Pingback: smotret-polnyj-film-smotret-v-khoroshem-kachestve

  194. Pingback: filmgoda.ru

  195. Pingback: rodnoe-kino-ru

  196. Pingback: confeitofilm

  197. Pingback: stat.netstate.ru

  198. Pingback: cialis 20mg price

  199. Pingback: sY5am

  200. Pingback: Dom drakona

  201. Pingback: JGXldbkj

  202. Pingback: aOuSjapt

  203. Pingback: ìûøëåíèå

  204. Pingback: psikholog moskva

  205. Pingback: A片

  206. Pingback: Usik Dzhoshua 2 2022

  207. Pingback: Dim Drakona 2022

  208. Pingback: TwnE4zl6

  209. Pingback: psy 3CtwvjS

  210. Pingback: meriking

  211. Pingback: lalochesia

  212. Pingback: film onlinee

  213. Pingback: programma peredach na segodnya

  214. Pingback: psycholog-v-moskve.ru

  215. Pingback: psycholog-moskva.ru

  216. Pingback: 3qAIwwN

  217. Pingback: video-2

  218. Pingback: sezons.store

  219. Pingback: socionika-eniostyle.ru

  220. Pingback: psy-news.ru

  221. Pingback: 000-1

  222. Pingback: 3SoTS32

  223. Pingback: 3DGofO7

  224. Pingback: wwwi.odnoklassniki-film.ru

  225. Pingback: rftrip.ru

  226. Pingback: madridbet

  227. Pingback: dolpsy.ru

  228. Pingback: kin0shki.ru

  229. Pingback: 3o9cpydyue4s8.ru

  230. Pingback: mb588.ru

  231. Pingback: history-of-ukraine.ru news ukraine

  232. Pingback: newsukraine.ru

  233. Pingback: meritking

  234. Pingback: edu-design.ru

  235. Pingback: tftl.ru

  236. Pingback: brutv

  237. Pingback: site 2023

  238. Pingback: buy propecia in australia

  239. Pingback: propecia uk buy

  240. Pingback: grandpashabet

  241. Pingback: sitestats01

  242. Pingback: 1c789.ru

  243. Pingback: cttdu.ru

  244. Pingback: 1703

  245. Pingback: hdserial2023.ru

  246. Pingback: serialhd2023.ru

  247. Pingback: matchonline2022.ru

  248. Pingback: How do you know if a girl is playing hard to get and cialis canada pharmacy?

  249. Pingback: Do impotent men release sperm with kamagra oral jelly buy online?

  250. Pingback: What is the most effective way to quit smoking bupropion warnings?

  251. Pingback: bit.ly/3OEzOZR

  252. Pingback: bit.ly/3gGFqGq

  253. Pingback: bit.ly/3ARFdXA

  254. Pingback: bit.ly/3ig2UT5

  255. Pingback: bit.ly/3GQNK0J

  256. Pingback: Which fruit is good for weight loss with hoodia gordonii capsules?

  257. Pingback: How do you stimulate a man's mind cheap generic sildenafil citrate?

  258. Pingback: bep5w0Df

  259. Pingback: www

  260. Pingback: What are the 4 types of quality can you buy viagra over the counter?

Comments are closed.